Lessons from the Earthquake Front Lines

Two years removed from the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, what have disaster preparers learned? For one, they’ve realized the importance in trying to reduce any damage done when such disasters strike. This can best be accomplished by using the scientific method to study such disasters and learning from these experiences, according to www.interaksyon.com.

Let’s take a look at lessons learned from the 2011 quake, as well as plans that were already in place when the disaster struck that helped mitigate the damage done.

Preparation

Preparation before a disaster represents one of the key ingredients when responding to a disaster. Having an idea of what your capabilities are and the personnel available to utilize in a response can help to greatly reduce the initial confusion that such crises can cause.

Response

In the same vein as preparation, the way a response is set up can also reduce the likelihood of any confusion once a disaster hits. Any personnel involved should have an idea of where they should report to, and if they are not able to report to their designated location, secondary options should be provided. A prepared response can save time later when time is critical.

Prevention

In response to past disasters, planners need to look at ways to prevent any unnecessary property damage and deaths. For Japan, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government set new goals following the disaster: to reduce the number of buildings destroyed and lives lost by 60 percent and the number of people needing to be evacuated by 40 percent.

Protection

Protecting the assets most valuable when a disaster strikes, such as medical facilities and personnel, as well as some of the more vital administrative agencies, also becomes of prime importance. This includes the number of commuters who might be stranded on the roadways in a disaster. It also includes developing more robust warning systems and hardening the locations where vital personnel are located to reduce loss.

Connection

In the aftermath of a disaster, it is important to get such vital services as electricity, telecommunication, running water, and a working sewage system up and running as soon as possible. Without such infrastructure it remains next to impossible for personnel to operate effectively.

 

For more information about implementing lessons learned from the Japan quake to today’s disaster preparedness and response programs, visit: http://www.interaksyon.com/article/66450/23-years-after-the-great-july-16-quake--learning-from-tokyo-on-preparing-for-disasters